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000
FXUS63 KAPX 242300
AFDAPX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GAYLORD MI
600 PM EST MON NOV 24 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 401 PM EST MON NOV 24 2014

RAIN AND MILD TEMPERATURES WILL GIVE WAY TO A PERIOD OF LAKE 
ENHANCED SNOW LATE THIS AFTERNOON INTO TUESDAY MORNING. COLDER 
TEMPERATURES ALONG WITH ADDITIONAL CHANCES FOR SNOW WILL CONTINUE 
ALL THE WAY THROUGH THE THANKSGIVING DAY HOLIDAY WEEKEND. 

&&

.SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 401 PM EST MON NOV 24 2014

OVERVIEW: 975 MB SFC LOW NOW UP ALONG THE ONTARIO/QUEBEC BORDER THIS 
AFTERNOON...OCCLUDED FRONT RUNS DOWN THROUGH LOWER MICHIGAN. SFC 
COLD FRONT AND BIG SURGE OF COLD AIR HAS BEEN PLOWING ACROSS THE 
LOWER LAKES/OHIO VALLEY OVER THE LAST SEVERAL HOURS (SNOWING IN 
PARTS OF SRN LOWER MICHIGAN ALREADY). THIS IS ALSO WHERE THE CORE OF 
STRONGEST WINDS RESIDES AND GUSTS IN EXCESS OF 50 KNOTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED
ACROSS SRN LOWER MICHIGAN INTO OHIO. MEANWHILE...WELL DEFINED
DEFORMATION AXIS AND NEXT BATCH OF WIDESPREAD PRECIP WRAPS AROUND
THE DEPARTING LOW ALONG THE TIGHT THERMAL GRADIENT...FROM WESTERN
UPPER MICHIGAN DOWN THROUGH WISCONSIN INTO LOWER MICHIGAN...AND IS
LIFTING QUICKLY NORTHWARD THROUGH THE CWA. WEDGE OF WARM AIR ALOFT
WRAPS BACK UP ACROSS NRN MICHIGAN INTO WISCONSIN AND HAS/IS
KEEPING PRECIP ALL RAIN AT THIS POINT (KACB AWOS SITE REPORTING
-SN IS BOGUS). BUT THAT WILL CHANGE SHORTLY.
 
TONIGHT...FIRST OFF...P-TYPE. AS MENTIONED...RAIN VERY EARLY ON. BUT 
WEDGE OF "WARM" AIR ALOFT GETS PINCHED OFF W-E THIS EVENING WITH 
THERMAL PROFILES SUPPORTING ALL SNOW ACROSS THE CWA BY MID TO LATE 
EVENING. THIS MAY DELAY THE ONSET OF ACCUMULATING SNOW JUST A LITTLE 
BIT ESPECIALLY AS SFC TEMPS WILL TAKE A LITTLE WHILE TO DIP BACK BELOW 32F. 
BUT HEAVIER SNOWFALL LATER ON WILL PROBABLY MAKE UP FOR IT.

FORECAST...STRONG DEFORMATION AXIS/FORCING SWINGS UP INTO NRN
MICHIGAN AND BECOMES FOCUSED FROM EASTERN WISCONSIN E/NE ACROSS
THE CWA THIS EVENING...BEFORE WEAKENING TOWARD TUESDAY MORNING.
GUIDANCE SUGGESTS STRONGEST QG-UPWARD ASCENT AND HIGHEST QPF/SNOW
AMOUNTS WILL RUN ACROSS THE NRN HALF OF THE CWA...COINCIDENT WITH
LOW LEVEL TROUGH/CONVERGENCE AXIS THAT DRAGS ITS WAY UP THROUGH
THE REGION TONIGHT. ALSO...PER FORECAST SOUNDINGS...AM ALSO
PARTICULARLY IMPRESSED/WORRIED ABOUT THE DEEP SATURATED ISOTHERMAL
LAYER THAT CUTS THROUGH THE DGZ BY EARLY MORNING THAT WILL ADD TO
THE SNOW "FLUFF FACTOR."

LAKE CONTRIBUTION...LAKE EFFECT/ENHANCED CONVECTION WILL INCREASE 
RATHER RAPIDLY BY MID TO LATE EVENING AS -9C TO -12C H8 AIR
OVERSPREADS THE LAKES. COMBINED WITH THE STRONG SYNOPTIC
ASCENT...THERE WILL BE SEVERAL HOURS OF DECENT LAKE ENHANCED SNOWS
FOCUSED INTO THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF NW LOWER MICHIGAN AS LOW LEVEL
MEAN WINDS GO FROM WEST TO WNW OVERNIGHT. THIS WILL ONLY ADD TO
THE SNOW TOTALS.

ALL TOLD...EXPECT HIGHEST SNOW TOTALS TO OCCUR ACROSS A GOOD CHUNK
OF NW LOWER MICHIGAN...WHERE THE COMBINATION OF STRONG ASCENT AND
LAKE CONTRIBUTION WILL BE MAXIMIZED. HAVE PUSHED TONIGHT SNOW
TOTALS INTO THE 5 TO 8 INCH RANGE ACROSS THAT AREA. A GOOD 3 TO 5
INCHES ACROSS THE NRN HALF OF THE CWA OUTSIDE THE SNOW BELTS...AND
JUST AN INCH OR TWO OVER THE FAR E/SE COUNTIES. WINTER WEATHER
ADVISORIES STILL LOOK GOOD EVEN WITH LOWER SNOW AMOUNTS IN THE SE
COUNTIES GIVEN THE GUSTY WINDS AND QUICKLY FALLING TEMPS. BUT WILL
ALSO ADD EASTERN UPPER MICHIGAN INTO THE ADVISORY MIX AS I/M
WORRIED THAT THE HEAVIER QPF AXIS SHIFTS A LITTLER FURTHER NORTH
THAN ADVERTISED. WARNING CRITERIA SNOWFALL (>8 INCHES/12 HOURS) IS
NOT OUT OF THE QUESTION FOR SOME SPOTS IN THE NW LOWER SNOW BELTS.
EVENING SHIFT WILL HAVE TO KEEP AN EYE ON HOW THINGS UNFOLD. 

.LONG TERM...(TUESDAY THROUGH MONDAY)
ISSUED AT 401 PM EST MON NOV 24 2014

HIGH IMPACT WEATHER POTENTIAL: ACCUMULATING SNOW CONTINUES THROUGH 
MIDDAY TUESDAY...WITH ADDITIONAL MAINLY LIGHT SNOW CHANCES TOWARD 
WEDNESDAY NIGHT AND THURSDAY...POSSIBLY ENHANCED NEAR THE STRAITS.

PATTERN SYNOPSIS/EVOLUTION: NORTHERN STREAM TROUGH DOMINATION 
RETURNS ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES/CENTRAL CONUS THROUGH MIDWEEK... 
COURTESY OF REX BLOCK REDEVELOPMENT THROUGH THE GULF OF ALASKA AND 
SUBSEQUENT RIDGE AMPLIFICATION ALONG THE WEST COAST OF NORTH 
AMERICA. EMBEDDED WITHIN THE OVERALL MEAN UPPER TROUGH WILL BE 
SEVERAL INDIVIDUAL SHORTWAVES...WITH THE FIRST LIFTING TOWARD 
SOUTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN AT THE MOMENT - OUR FUN FOR TONIGHT/TUESDAY. 
ADDITIONAL SHORTWAVE ENERGY IS EXPECTED TO DIVE FROM ALBERTA DOWN 
THROUGH THE TENNESSEE VALLEY WITH A SEPARATE PIECE OF ENERGY ROLLING 
THROUGH OUR NECK OF THE WOODS TOWARD WEDNESDAY NIGHT/THURSDAY. AS 
WOULD BE EXPECTED...EACH SYSTEM WILL PROVIDE ITS OWN SET OF FORECAST 
CHALLENGES...MAINLY OF THE "HOW MUCH SNOW" VARIETY.

TUESDAY: BY FAR THE PERIOD WITH THE MOST WIDESPREAD ACTIVE WEATHER. 
SECONDARY UPPER TROUGH SLATED TO BRING A QUICK ROUND OF SNOW TO THE 
AREA TONIGHT WILL LIFT TO OUR NORTHEAST...WITH ANOTHER WEAK WIGGLE 
IN THE FLOW WORKING ACROSS THE REGION INTO EARLY AFTERNOON. 
PREVALENT DEEP LAYER MOISTURE COMBINED WITH LINGERING MID LEVEL 
DEFORMATION FORCING SHOULD YIELD A PERSISTENT THOUGH LESS INTENSE 
AXIS OF SNOW WORKING ACROSS MUCH OF THE CWA. STARK LOW LEVEL 
CYCLONIC CURVATURE THROUGH THE MORNING WORKING IN TANDEM WITH MODEST 
LAKE INSTABILITY (DELTA T'S AROUND 18C) SHOULD ADD A BOOST TO THE 
OVERALL LIGHT SNOW SHIELD FOR FAVORED NW TO W/NW FLOW AREAS. RATHER 
DEEP AXIS OF DENDRITIC GROWTH POTENTIAL LOOKS TO BE UNDERCUT BY THE 
BEST LAKE-INDUCED OMEGA...SUGGESTING RATIOS MAY NOT BE OVERLY 
HIGH...THOUGH LIKELY STILL ON THE ORDER OF 15+ TO 1 SIMPLY GIVEN THE 
DEEPER NATURE OF THE DGZ. ALL TOLD...EXPECT A GENERAL 1-1.5" OF 
ADDITIONAL SYNOPTIC SNOW ACCUMULATION THROUGH THE DAY...PRIMARILY 
DURING THE MORNING...WITH LOCALIZED HIGHER AMOUNTS PUSHING 2-4" FOR 
THE FAVORED AREAS.

TUESDAY NIGHT-WEDNESDAY: DEEP MOISTURE WILL THIN QUICKLY BY TUESDAY 
EVENING...WITH WEAKENING FLOW EXPECTED AS LOW LEVEL RIDGING ATTEMPTS 
TO BRIDGE THE GREAT LAKES. THESE TYPES OF SETUPS ARE ALWAYS A 
CHALLENGE FROM A LAKE SNOW STANDPOINT AS WEAK FLOW IN A STILL 
UNSTABLE ENVIRONMENT TENDS TO PROMOTE PLENTY OF MESOSCALE 
PROCESSES... AND INDEED WE MAY WELL SEE THIS TYPE OF SETUP PLAY OUT. 
BACKED FLOW REGIME MORE W/SW SHOULD FAVOR PERSISTENT LIGHTER SNOW 
SHOWERS UP TOWARD THE TIP OF THE MITT COUNTIES...WITH AT LEAST SOME 
POTENTIAL FOR A MESOSCALE VORTEX OR TWO TO SPIN UP AS HINTED AT BY 
SEVERAL PIECES OF GUIDANCE THE PAST FEW DAYS. OVERALL...DON'T 
ANTICIPATE ANY SIGNIFICANT SNOW AMOUNTS...WITH PERHAPS EVEN SOME 
SUNSHINE FOR INLAND AREAS ON WEDNESDAY.

WEDNESDAY NIGHT-THURSDAY: NEXT NORTHERN STREAM WAVE DROPS INTO THE 
NORTHERN LAKES...FURTHER HELPING ENHANCE EXISTING LAKE-INDUCED 
TROUGHING. INCREASE IN SYNOPTIC MOISTURE SHOULD WORK WITH WEAKER 
SOUTHWEST FLOW TO DELIVER AN ENHANCED SNOW BAND SOMEWHERE UP TOWARD 
THE TIP OF THE MITT COUNTIES (PLACEMENT VERY UNCERTAIN)...WITH A 
NICE FLAREUP OF SNOW SHOWERS EXPECTED ALONG A COLD FRONT DROPPING 
THROUGH THE CWA BY THURSDAY MORNING. HAVE SEEN THESE TYPES OF SETUPS 
QUITE A FEW TIMES OVER THE YEARS...AND TYPICALLY THERE IS A QUICK 
BURST OF 1-2" OF SNOW THAT ACCOMPANIES THE BOUNDARY...PARTICULARLY 
JUST DOWNWIND OF LAKES SUPERIOR AND MICHIGAN. SEE NO REASON THAT 
COULDN'T HAPPEN HERE...WITH A QUICK TRANSITION OVER TO NW OR N/NW 
FLOW LAKE SNOW SHOWERS ANTICIPATED FOR THE DAY ON THURSDAY AS A 
CHUNK OF QUITE CHILLY AIR (H8 TEMPS AROUND -18C) PLUNGES INTO 
NORTHERN MICHIGAN.

EXTENDED PERIODS (THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY)...

WEAK SHORT WAVE CONTINUES TO PUSH EAST OF THE AREA THURSDAY NIGHT 
WITH THE MAJORITY OF ANY LINGERING LAKE EFFECT ENDING BY 12Z FRIDAY 
AS 1000-850 MB WINDS SHIFT FROM NORTH-NORTHWEST TO SOUTH-SOUTHWEST. 
SLIGHT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TIMING OF NEXT DISTURBANCE APPROACHING 
FRIDAY AFTERNOON...BUT EITHER WAY LOOKS LIKE A DECENT SHOT OF WARM 
ADVECTION/OVERRUNNING SNOW FRIDAY AFTERNOON INTO FRIDAY NIGHT.

STRONG WARM AIR ADVECTION CONTINUES SATURDAY AS SURFACE LOW PASSES 
NORTH THROUGH ONTARIO WHICH MAY LEAD TO TEMPERATURES ONCE AGAIN 
RISING ABOVE FREEZING...BUT WON'T LAST LONG AS THE LOW CONTINUES 
INTO QUEBEC AND SWINGS A COLD FRONT THROUGH NORTHERN MICHIGAN DURING 
THE LATE SATURDAY NIGHT/SUNDAY TIMEFRAME. COLD TEMPERATURES ALONG 
WITH HIGH PRESSURE IS EXPECTED TO BUILD IN TO START THE NEXT WORK 
WEEK...BRINGING WHAT LOOKS TO BE AT LEAST A SHORT STRETCH OF QUIET 
WEATHER.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z TUESDAY EVENING)
ISSUED AT 600 PM EST MON NOV 24 2014

CONDITIONS WILL QUICKLY DETERIORATE TO IFR THIS EVENING AS
WIDESPREAD RAIN CHANGES OVER TO SNOW THANKS TO STRONG CAA ON THE
BACKSIDE OF THE DEPARTING LOW. WIDESPREAD SNOW AND IFR CONDITIONS
WILL THEN CONTINUE THRU MUCH OF TUESDAY WITH THE DEFORMATION AXIS
AND DEEP WRAP-AROUND MOISTURE REMAINING OVERHEAD. INCREASING
OVER-LAKE INSTABILITY WILL LEND SOME W/NW FLOW LAKE CONTRIBUTION
TO SNOWFALL INTENSITY FOR THE TYPICAL SNOWBELT REGIONS OF NW AND N
CENTRAL LWR MICHIGAN.

&&

.MARINE...
ISSUED AT 401 PM EST MON NOV 24 2014

GUSTY SW WINDS WILL DEVELOP ACROSS PARTS OF LAKE HURON THIS
EVENING WITH GALE FORCE WIND GUSTS ANTICIPATED...MAINLY SOUTH OF
PRESQUE ISLE. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORIES FOR THE REST OF THE
NEARSHORE WATERS THROUGH TUESDAY. WINDS AND WAVES WILL DIMINISH
SUBSTANTIALLY LATER TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY.

&&

.APX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 5 PM EST TUESDAY FOR MIZ008-
     015>036-041-042.

LH...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 4 PM EST TUESDAY FOR LHZ345>347.

     GALE WARNING UNTIL 7 AM EST TUESDAY FOR LHZ348-349.

LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 4 PM EST TUESDAY FOR LMZ323-341-342-
     344>346.

LS...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 4 PM EST TUESDAY FOR LSZ321-322.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...MJG
SHORT TERM...ADAM
LONG TERM...LAWRENCE/MJG
AVIATION...MLR
MARINE...ADAM